Every year during the summer harvest and autumn and winter, there are always a large number of wheat, corn and other straw burning in the field, producing a large amount of heavy smog, not only become the bottleneck problem of rural environmental protection, and even become the main culprit of urban environment damage. According to relevant statistics, our country as a big agricultural country, every year can generate more than 700 million tons of straw, become “not useful” but must dispose of the “waste”. At present, the global fuel ethanol industry is entering the upgrading period from agricultural crops as raw materials to agricultural and forestry wastes as raw materials, among which cellulosic ethanol is recognized as the development direction of fuel ethanol industry in the world. At present, there are many provinces are applying for construction of cellulose ethanol processing project, our country every year hundreds of millions of tons of crop straw will have a new use. What is fuel ethanol? As an environmentally friendly renewable energy, fuel ethanol can increase the octane number of ordinary gasoline and significantly reduce the emissions of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and particulate matter in automobile exhaust. It is the most widely used renewable energy in the world to replace gasoline. The ethanol gasoline we use today is gasoline with fuel ethanol added. National ethanol gasoline promotion leading group invited consultant Qiao Yingbin said, since 2004, China successively in Anhui, Henan, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Guangxi, Hubei, Shandong and other 11 provinces and some cities to promote the application of ethanol gasoline, 2014 annual sales of E10 vehicle ethanol gasoline 23 million tons, It accounts for about a quarter of the total amount of vehicle gasoline in China and plays a very important role in improving the atmospheric environment. From 2000 to 2014, global fuel ethanol production increased by more than 16% annually, reaching 73.38 million tons in 2014. The United Nations Food Organization expects annual global production of fuel ethanol to reach 120 million tons by 2020
Cellulosic ethanol technology using agricultural and forestry wastes as raw materials has made continuous progress in the world, and a number of industrial plants have been put into operation and are under construction. Cellulose fuel ethanol technology in China is at the stage of industrial breakthrough. It IS UNDERSTOOD THAT COFCO ZHAODONG COMPANY’S ANNUAL output of 500 tons of cellulosic ethanol experimental equipment has been mature operation for 10 years. At present, COFCO is pushing forward the 50 thousand tons of cellulosic ethanol combined with 6 MW biomass power generation project, which has already met the conditions for commercial operation. National ethanol gasoline promotion Leading GROUP invited consultant Joe Yingbin: Our country cellulose alcohol has two factories, is straw into alcohol. How much straw do we have in China a year? 900 million tons. Some of the 900 million tons of straw are to be made into paper, some are to be made into feed, and some are to be returned to the field. If I have 200 million tons of straw to be made into alcohol, and 7 tons to be made into one ton, there will be 30 million tons of alcohol.
Post time: Oct-21-2022