The problem of raw materials has always been a big problem that plagues the energy industry, and it is also a problem that the industry must face and solve.
According to the basic principles and principles that do not use food and do not occupy a cultivated land, my country has implemented non -grain replacement strategies from the ”Eleventh Five -Year Plan”.
Because biomass can involve the perfect solution of agriculture, forestry, industry, energy and environment, and raw materials, it can bring win -win situation in all aspects. The widening raw material for Chinese ethanol is a more complicated problem, which involves the cultivation of raw materials collection and preparation. Energy crops, plants and even microalgae, aquatic plants, etc.
First of all, in terms of agriculture and forestry, the cultivation of starchy or sugar raw materials such as high -yielding, barren, and good anti -reversal should be cultivated. Eliminating marginal land, saline -alkali, deserts, etc., are planted in large quantities to meet the needs of fuel ethanol production; at the same time, develop high -efficiency mechanized harvesting, bundling, local forming, storage, transportation and other technologies to reduce the cost of raw materials.
Secondly, in terms of environmental governance, it can combine pollution land governance and plant high -yield hybrid rice. It is specially used for the production of fuel ethanol. However, it should be strictly managed to avoid flowing into the table.
Combined with water governance, the development of duckweed plants such as duckweed plants and microalgae such as short duckweed such as duckweed and other high content of starch fiber is used as potential raw materials for future biomass liquid fuels.
In addition, the development of large seaweed (brown algae, red algae, etc.) rich in starch, fiber and seaweed polysaccharides can also be used to vigorously develop the development potential of liquid fuels such as starch, fiber, and seaweed polysaccharides.
In terms of government subsidies, Anhui Fengyuan Biochemical Co., Ltd. is used as an example. In 2005, the company subsidized 1,883 yuan per ton of fuel ethanol.
At present, the first -generation fuel ethanol subsidy standard with grain as the raw material is 300 yuan/ton, the 1.5 -generation fuel ethanol subsidy standard with cassava as raw materials is 500 yuan/ton, and the second -generation fuel ethanol standard is 800 yuan/ton.
In addition, fibrous ethanol, a promising liquid fuel, should give strong support for the development of advanced technologies; for commercialized fiber ethanol factories, reasonable subsidies and tax benefits should be provided according to costs to promote its development.
At the same time, the fuel ethanol industry should strengthen its own technological progress and the extension of the industrial chain, and form a multi -produced biological refining industry to reduce costs. It is believed that with the advancement of technology and the rise in oil prices, fuel ethanol will eventually get rid of dependence on government finance.
新闻2：Termid fossil fuel use fuel ethanol voices rose again
After the leaders of the Seventh Kingdom Group planned to end the use of fossil fuel globally in 2100, it was set up in 2100. The industry’s voices of the development of biological energy, especially fuel ethanol.
At the beginning of the new century, in order to save valuable food resources, digestion and transformation of corn (1638, -1.00, -0.06%), wheat and other aging grains, my country has built 4 new fuel ethanol companies in Jilin, Henan, and Anhui at the commodity grain base. Related companies have received excellent price subsidies. For example, the raw material subsidy of non -grain fuel ethanol is 750 yuan per ton, cellulose ethanol is 1200 yuan per ton, and enjoy 100%VAT, first -time, and exempt 5%of fuel consumption tax Wait for discounts. In other words, my country’s fuel ethanol has accumulated some experience in technology accumulation, production and operation, and circulation and use, and has a better foundation for moderate development.
However, compared with the expected goals, the current situation of fuel ethanol is not satisfactory. There are two real development bottlenecks: one is raw material guarantee, and the other is the market capacity.
In terms of raw material guarantee, the current aging grains in my country have already been consumed, and with the continuous improvement of the level of food storage, the new aggressive grains are getting less and less, and the raw material grains are getting depleted. At the same time, in terms of raw materials for grain and non -grain, the current non -grain route occupies the upper hand, so the main channels for raw materials are cassava, sweet sorghum, straw, and the surplus substances of agricultural and forestry processing. However, cassava is far from the scale of planting. Sweet sorghum is generally suitable for planting on coastal beaches. Although there are many resources, the region is very scattered, and it is still very difficult to concentrate. Therefore, if you cannot obtain cheap and effective raw materials, fuel ethanol is like a rice without rice.
In terms of market capacity, after the first batch of four fuel ethanol projects in China was put into operation, the state has successively closed and promoted the use of ethanol gasoline with 10%proportion of fuel ethanol in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Henan, Anhui and other provinces. The district, as well as some areas of Hubei, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, and Inner Mongolia. However, in general, the regional popularity of ethanol gasoline promotion is narrow, and the total consumption is limited. Compared with the total amount of gasoline for vehicles, it is a nine cattle. Obviously, ethanol gasoline is strongly intervened by policy, and the market is far from open.
Therefore, in order to enable domestic fuel ethanol to become an industry, it is necessary to support the raw material supply base that matches the industry; at the same time, it is necessary to increase the promotion of ethanol gasoline and increase demand. In addition, a necessary threshold must be set up to avoid rushing up and form a severe excess in the short term.
Post time: Dec-14-2022